This website is intended to facilitate the classroom use of Colonial Exchanges: Political Theory and the Agency of the Colonized, eds. Burke A. Hendrix and Deborah Baumgold. The volume’s contributors address the ways in which intellectuals in colonized societies reacted to the ideas of their colonizers, in locations including India, North Africa, Oceana, the Caribbean, and Africa. For further information on the volume, please see the publisher’s website here.
Below, you will find files or links to assignable primary sources related to each chapter. These are generally pitched at the level of advanced undergraduates, and are therefore relatively brief in length. (Some primary texts are not available; we've listed relevant related works in those cases.) You will also find additional readings, with may include more extensive primary sources or useful secondary sources. These are intended to facilitate graduate-level instruction. To make suggestions or request further information, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Colonial Exchanges Sources
CHAPTER ONE - Intellectual flows and counterflows: the strange case of J. S. Mill - Lynn Zastoupil
- Explanatory note on the readings: in general, we've aimed for potential assignments that are fully accessible, as with the two works here. Books included as secondary sources are often linked to the Google Books version, so they allow only limited viewing.
- John Stuart Mill, "Law of Libel and Liberty of the Press"
- Rammohun Roy, "Petitions Against the Press Regulations"
- Lynn Zastoupil, Rammohun Roy and the Making of Victorian Britain (Palgrave, 2010)
- Martin Moir and Lynn Zastoupil, eds., The Great Indian Education Debate: Documents Relating to the Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy, 1781-1843 (Routledge, 2013)
- Lynn Zastoupil, John Stuart Mill and India (Stanford, 1994)
- Martin Moir, Douglas M. Peers, Lynn Zastoupil, eds., J. S. Mill's Encounter With India (Toronto, 1999)
CHAPTER TWO - Rethinking resistance: Spencer, Krishnavarma and The Indian Sociologist - Inder S. Marwah
- Explanatory note about these readings: Krishnavarma's own writings are available only in archives, so these are sources from the surrounding context.
- Lala Lajpat Rai, chs. 6 and 8 from Young India (Hindustan Books 2012)
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak, pgs. 55-67 from His Writings and Speeches (Ganesh 1919)
- Surendranath Banarjea, pgs. 125-164 from The Trumpet Voice of India (Ganesh 1909).
- Mohandas K. Gandhi, chs. 1, 14, 16-17 from Hind Swaraj (Navajivan Press)
- Harald Fischer-Tine, Shyamji Krishnavarma: Sanskrit, Sociology and Anti-Imperialism (Routledge 2014)
- Sumit Sarkar, Modern India 1885-1947 (New Delhi: Macmillan, 1983)
- Herbert Spencer, Social Statics, Study of Sociology, and Facts and Comments
- Aurobindo Ghose, Political Writings vols. 6-8 (electronic, but very long!)
CHAPTER THREE - The other Mahatma's naïve monarchism: Phule, Paine, and the appeal to Queen Victoria - Jimmy Casas Klausen
- Explanatory note about these readings: because Phule's reading of Paine is somewhat diffuse, the section of Paine here includes only some portions of the ideas that Phule seems to draw upon.
- Thomas Paine, selections from Rights of Man
- Jotirao Phule, selections from The Cultivator's Whipcord
- Jotirao Phule, Slavery
- Rosalind O'Hanlon, Caste, Conflict and Ideology: Mahatma Jotirao Phule and Low Caste Protest in Nineteenth-Century Western India (Cambridge, 1985)
- Daniel Immerwahr, "Caste or Colony? Indianizing Race in the United States," Modern Intellectual History (2007).
- Gail Omvedt, "Jotirao Phule and the Ideology of Social Revolution in India," Economic and Political Weekly, 1971.
- Adi H. Doctor, "Low Caste Protest Movements in 19th and 20th Century Maharashtra: A Study of Jotirao Phule and B.R. Ambedkar," Indian Journal of Social Science, 1991.
- Christophe Jaffrelot, "Sanskritization vs. Ethnicization in India: Changing Indentities and Caste Politics," Asian Survey, 2000.
CHAPTER FOUR - The New World 'sans culottes': French revolutionary ideology in Saint Domingue - Johnhenry Gonzalez
- Explanatory note about these readings: while many of the relevant works are in French, the selection below should provide resources for giving students a deeper feel for these events
- Michel Etienne Decourtilz, "History of the Disasters in Saint-Domingue" (1791)
- Henri Grégoire, "Letter to the Citizens of Color and Free Negroes of Saint-Domingue" (1791)
- Leger Felicité Sonthonax, "Proclamation in the Name of the Republic" (1794)
- Toussaint Louverture et al, "Constitution of 1801"
- Jean-Jacques Dessalines et al, "Act of Independence" (1804)
- Jean-Jacques Dessalines et al, "Constitution of 1805"
- General Toussaint L’Ouverture, Memoire
- CLR James, The Black Jacobins (Vintage, 1989)
- Julia Gaffield, ed., The Haitian Declaration of Independence: Creation, Context, and Legacy (Virginia, 2016)
- Susan Buck-Morss, "Hegel and Haiti," Critical Inquiry 26 (2000).
CHAPTER FIVE - Confronting colonial otherness: The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and the limits of imperial legal universalism - Bonny Ibhawoh
- Explanatory note about these readings: because many of the cases referred to in the chapter are not easily accessible, while others intersperse legal theories with prosaic matters, the Haldane paper may give a good overview of how the JCPC was defended
- Lord Haldane, "The Work for the Empire of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council," Cambridge Law Journal (1923)
- Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Vardan Seth Sam vs. Luckpathy (1862)
- Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Hunooman Pandy v. Mussumat Koonweree (1856)
- Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Sree Narain Rae v. Bhya Jah (1839)
- Bonny Ibhawoh, Imperial Justice: Africans in Empire's Court (Oxford, 2014)
- P. A. Howell, The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council 1833-1876: Its Origins, Structure, and Development (Cambridge, 1979)
- Judicial Committe of the Privy Council, official website (including recent cases)
CHAPTER SIX - The Indigenous redemption of liberal universalism - Tim Rowse
- Peter Jones, selections from History of the Ojibway Indians (A. W. Burnett, 1861)
- Charles Eastman, selections from The Indian Today (Doubleday, Page, and Company, 1915).
- Zitkala-sa, "World War I Editorials"
- Apirina Ngata, "Military Service Bill Speech"
- Charles Eastman, selections from From the Deep Woods to Civilization (Little, Brown and Company, 1916)
- Bain Attwood and Andrew Markus, Thinking Black: William Cooper and the Australian Aborigines' League (Aboriginal Studies Press, 2004)
- Apirana Ngata, "The Treaty of Waitangi: An Explanation" (1922)
- American Indian Magazine, editorials and articles on the World War, Spring 1918
- American Indian Magazine, Zitkala sa's editorials and articles on Indian citizenship, Summer 1919.
- Tadeusz Lewandowski, Red Bird, Red Power: The Life and Legacy of Zitkala-Ša (Oklahoma, 2016)
- Donald B. Smith, Sacred Feathers: The Reverend Peter Jones (Toronto: 1995)
CHAPTER SEVEN - Troubling appropriations: Pedro Paterno's Filipino deployment of French Lamarckianism - Megan C. Thomas
- Explanatory note about these readings: Paterno's writings are available only in Spanish, so the first three sources below represent examples of the "racial science" to which his work responded
- Georges Vacher De Lapouge (trans. Carlos C. Closson), pgs. 54-61 of "The Fundamental Laws of Anthropo-sociology," Journal of Political Economy, 1897.
- Carlos C. Closson, "The Heirarchy of European Races," American Journal of Sociology, 1897.
- Joseph Arthur de Gobineau, selection from The Inequality of Races (1915).
- Pedro Paterno, The Itas (in Spanish) (1915)
- Pedro Paterno, Ancient Tagalog Civilization (in Spanish) (1916)
- Yves Guyot, Preface to The Problem of History (in French) (1886)
- Megan C. Thomas, Orientalists, Propagandists, and Illustrados (University of Minnesota, 2012).
- Resil B. Mojares, Brains of the Nation (Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2006).
- Filomena V. Aguilar, "Tracing Origins: Illustrado Nationalism and the Racial Science of Migration Waves," Journal of South Asian Studies (2005).
- Linda Clark, Social Darwinism in France (Alabama, 1984).
CHAPTER EIGHT - Colonial hesitation, appropriation, and citation: Qasim Amin, empire, and saying No - Murad Idris
- Explanatory note about these readings: the first source below is still under copyright, but the others listed are not, so the links go to the sources directly
- Qasim Amin, pgs. 62-75, 147-160 and 199-205 from Samiha Sidhorn Peterson, ed., The Liberation of Women
and The New Woman (American University Press of Cairo, 2000).
- Qasim Amin, "The Emancipation of Egyptian Women"
- Jules Barbier review of "Les Egyptiens"
- Samuel Zweller, "The Disintegration of Islam"
- Juan Cole, "Feminism, Class, and Islam in Turn-of-the-Century Egypt," International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Nov., 1981), pp. 387-407
- Leila Ahmed, Chapter 8 from Women and Gender in Islam (Yale, 1992)
CHAPTER NINE - Marxism and historicism in the thought of Abdullah Laroui - Yasmeen Daifallah
- Explanatory note about these readings: most of Laroui's work is not available in English translation, but the first book listed should provide strong teaching resources
- Abdallah Laroui, chs. 4 and 5 from The Crisis of the Arab Intellectual (University of California Press, 1976)
- Nancy Gallagher, "Interview - the Life and Times of Abdallah Laroui, a Moroccan Intellectual," Journal of North African Studies, Volume 3, 1988
- Abdallah Laroui, "Western Orientalism and Liberal Islam: Mutual Distrust?" Review of Middle East Studies, 1997.
- Abdallah Laroui, The History of the Maghreb: An Interpretative Essay (Princeton, 1977)
- Jaafar Akiskas , Arab Modernities: Islamism, Nationalism and Liberalism in the Postcolonial World (Peter Lang, 2009)
- IBrahim Abu Rabi’, Contemporary Arab Thought: Studies in Post- 1967 Arab Intellectual History (Pluto Press, 2004 )
- Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab, Contemporary Arab Thought: Cultural Critique in Comparative Perspective (Columbia, 2010)
- Alf Andrew Heggoy and Paul J. Zingg, "French Education in Revolutionary North Africa," International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 1976